Monday, June 8, 2020
UK view of international/regional/domestic financial crisis (Essay Sample) Content: NameCourseTutorDateNational profileEconomy is a critical issue in each nation. Economy can be defined to be the system that takes into account the production and distribution of good and services as well as consumption. In order to ascertain the rate of development a nation, one needs to copy the rates of economy as well as other aspects that constitutes to the development. In this research paper, one will be required to compare his or her nation in terms of the economy. This implies that one will be have to compile his or her national profile in order to tell the position of his or her nation. (The paper will mainly view the position of UK and compared to other nations)UK view of international/regional/domestic financial crisisTo begin with, financial crisis can be defined to an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty that affect the rate under which nations can transact business. This implies that the exchange rates can be affected hence affect the way a nation can transact business with other nations. For instance, in the global market, the US dollar is the most preferred exchange by many nations. When financial crisis has being experienced, the rate under which the dollar will be exchanged to another currency will automatically differ. This financial lapse is likely to be reflected in my sectors of a nation.Declining of equity prices of good and services in UKAfter the 2007 financial crisis in US, almost all global regions felt the effects. The equity market prices for commodities and services fell down globally. This implies that the global capital flows was consequently affected whereby there was a depreciation in exchange rates. For instance, The Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) region, particularly the Eastern Europe had a substantial exposure to the foreign capital where by it declined the UKÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s market prices for goods and services for almost forty percent. This was contrary to the Economic and social commission for western Asia (ESCWA) region that exhibited developed. In fact, it may have been attributed by the implementation of the wide range of regulatory reforms after the 1997 financial crisis in Asia.Generally, if a developed nation (a nation with high index rate of developed) transact business with a less developed nation, it is likely to experience some demerits like it market price for goods and services being lowered. This graph can assist in developing the sense as a matter of bearing comparisons of regional markets.Regional market equity indices between 19th Sept 2008, and 16thApril 2009ExplanationsBased on the provided market indices for the four regions, it clear that the must be a Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) under which the rate of business transaction will be transacted. This is likely to affect a developed country by lowering its market prices. Over the last decade, UK has experienced a drop in FDI, which has consequently triggered a fall in commodity prices.Solution for UKÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s international/regional/domestic financial crisisJust like any other nation in the globe, UK has responded to the economic crisis by cutting the interests rates, and accordingly injecting more liquidity into the financial system. Actually, the UK central bank has lowered the reserved requirements for its citizens; guaranties for bank deposits have ready provided. Similarly, the UK government has guaranteed loans for it citizens in order to facilitate advancing and recover the flow of credit. This method is found to be working effectively in the nations (UK); inflation is drastically replaced by deflation.The current ethical/religious/cultural characteristic (the migration and immigration departments in UK)With the imbalance trade rates, the developed nations such as UK do not see the need to transact much business with the developing nations owing to the lose they are getting from the business. This has made the developing nations to develop conflicts to an extent the y tend to do the opposite of what the developed nation ascribes. For instance, in the recent past, there have been increasing rates of terrorism, which have been attributed by the grudge the developing nation holds against developed nations. Due to this this, the security measures have been implemented to ensure that a nation is safe both economically and socially.In UK, migration and immigration departments do ensure that before an individual in allowed in the country. He or she is to meet some ethical and economic standards. For instance, one has to have a good bank statement as well as documents to prove that he or she may not cause a threat to the UK government. Having met this, one is then given a UK visa to pay a visit to the nation. In many occasion, is meant to show that the individual will not be a liability to the nation.Rising protectionismThere have been rising concerned that the government should protect itself from recession-hit nations. This has created protection pre ssures that have raised deductions that negotiations needs to be carried out. World Trade Organizations (WTO) has been at the forefront to settle trade conflicts across the globe. In some rare cases, the trade have been left more vulnerable making it the responsibility of a given nation to come up with its own measures. Therefore, many countries including UK have come up with a strategy to protect its economy through fiscal stimulus packages. For instance, in September 2008, the WTO implemented forty-seven related measures and proposed another additional thirty-three measures to govern trading unions. This can be evident in the ECE regions where China and India have imposed stringent measures regarding imports. Similarly, in Indonesia, one needs to have a licence in order to import a product. These measures typically affects the textile, toys, footwear, electronic, food and beverage industries. It is for this reason, protectionism pressures has intensely increased over strong growt h of the economy during the recovery session. Thus, this brand, WTO a significant institution that trade and development linkages can be established through rule-based system that suits multilateral trade regions.Effects of the societal conflicts between UK and other nations in terms of functionality of the stateBecause of the societal conflicts between the UK and other nations, falling global demands of goods and services having experiences. This has dried up trade finances dramatically to an extent the rates under which trade is transacted has gone down. This has led to establishment of trade regions that exhibits almost the same characteristics. In this way, the measures that governs export and import of products have been developed. Countries in the same trade region, tends to have business transactions amongst themselves as opposed to having trade with other nations from different regions. It clear that many nations bring their products at the global market with an intention to earn foreign income that can be used to improve its economy. As mention earlier, that when there is an imbalance in trade exchange rates, the developed nation will incur lose while transacting business with less developed nation. As a result, the market price for the commodity of the service will have to go ...
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Vladimir Putin is one of the most important figures on the global political stage. Since 2000 he has been master of the Kremlin and all Russia. When President Boris Yeltsin first appointed Putin Prime Minister in 1999; Russia was in the mist of a precipitous decline that followed the break up of the Soviet Union. Nobody expected new Prime Minister to last long, or reverse RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s decade long decline. Vladimir Putin has been in charge of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest county, as President or Prime Minister, ever since. Since coming to power, PutinÃ¢â¬â¢s primary goal been to lead RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s recovery from the collapse of the Soviet Union, and to reestablish Russia as a great power, in the respect Putin has been successful. Today Russia has recovered from the decline it suffered after the break up of the Soviet Union, and reestablished it self as important player in global politics. Putin has been remarkably successful at maintaining power; no serious challenge to his rule ha s emerged after almost fourteen years in power. Vladimir PutinÃ¢â¬â¢s political leadership style and goals are remarkably similar to the principles outlined in NiccolÃ ² MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s famous advisory book for rulers The Prince. Despite the fact that The Prince was first published in 1532 it is still relevant today, especially in analyzing the rule of Vladimir Putin in Russia. PutinÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership style and actions make him a modern day Machiavellian prince. Many of the actions and polices taken by Putin are distinctlyShow MoreRelatedThe Prince Of Machiavelli s Prince1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNiccolo MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s Prince, from his book The Prince, that leader is President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation. Although, Putin does not hold the title of Prince, he has held influential positions throughout the years, i.e. Prime Minister and Acting President, that hold power similar to the Prince. Every position that Putin has held in Russia he has acted as if he were a Prince. Putin has held such all-consuming control and influence over Russia that some would say that Putin is Ã¢â¬Å"the stateÃ¢â¬ Read MoreMachiavelli And Castiglione Essay937 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinspiration of both NiccolÃ ² Machiavelli and Baldassare Castiglione during the Italian Renaissance of the fifteenth century. Machiavelli and Castiglione shared their beliefs about society in their published writings. The most notorious of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s works was The Prince, a take on the political structure and successes of western civilization. CastiglioneÃ¢â¬â¢s most known publication, The Courtier, was heavily influenced by the works of Plato and Cicero and contributed heavy sections of dialogue. The writingsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhen their real personality is revealed. In the nonfiction essay, The Prince, by Niccolo Machiavelli, Machiavelli delineates the requirements to be a successful leader over a powerful state. He suggests numerous times that a prince should govern an empire with a image that is dominant but caring for citizens while ruling ruthlessly and appealing to the people if possible. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s principles of a dominant and ruthless prince may not be globally accepted but they are efficient and accurate despiteRead MoreThe Very Ideal Of Peace Within Political Rule1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe circumstances dictated. (Klosko 2012) How then, does this ideal translate into a state of peace? Machiavelli gives several examples that prove that in the pursuit of peace, the ends do justify the means. A major example is in the case of a new prince. He says that the choice must be made in regards to the old rulerÃ¢â¬â¢s family. The choice lies between brutality or compassion as the new ruler must decide to let the family live or kill them all. (Klosko 2012) Compassion in the form of letting the familyRead MoreVladimir Putin - A Modern Machiavellian Prince Essay2405 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIn 1513, an Italian politician by the name of Niccolo Machiavelli distributed, though privately, a political treatise called The Prince. This treatise was, essentially, a guide on how to effectively rule ones country. Its important beforehand to define exactly what a Machiavellian is, before describing one. A Machiavellian is a leader who, through his power and influence, works toward the common good of his people. This can be done through fear, through deceit, even through manipulation. It isRead More George Bush as a Machiavellian Leader Essay1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGeorge Bush as a Machiavellian Leader George Bush and Niccolo Machiavelli are two very influential political figures that share some similar ideals. Machiavellis work was never intended to be applied to republics, or a democratic government. The advice written in The Prince would have likely been applied in the time of absolute government, when countries were ruled by one leader. It is a work which, as Machiavelli himself says that his philosophy is only applied to principalities, or whatRead MoreThe Current Sovereignty Dispute On Ukraine2693 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageseven those who believe the Cold War never ended watch with a discriminating eye. Of particular interests is Russian President Vladimir Putin. Political and historical experts alike have compared his recent actions and tactics to that as someone reading and implementing the works of Niccolo Machiavelli. Indeed, one can simply go chapter by chapter from works such as Ã¢â¬Å"The PrinceÃ¢â¬ and see striking similarities. But what if UkraineÃ¢â¬â¢s response w as different? What if they responded to Russian military incursionsRead MorePolitical Theory Has Changed Over The History Of The World1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeginning of idealistic political thought, and a more realist and contemporary way that politics are looked at even today. The ideals of these two will be discussed and dissected, to some extent to show how unobtainable PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal is compared to MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s realism that is seen in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s political atmosphere in various types of political systems seen throughout the world. Looking at Plato, you must understand where and what the timeframe he lived in. He was born in Classical Greece in the year 427Read MoreSocrates And Machiavelli1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswould Socrates think of MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s political world? Socrates and Machiavelli were some of the most influential political philosophers in their respective times. Some argue that their view of empowering individuals, whether it be through free speech or ruthless fighting, are quite similar. However, their views of leadership and government do not align. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ support for free expression and due process makes his view of effective governance far different from MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on national securityRead MoreRealist Analysis : The Russian Crimean Crisis2260 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagestroops completely controlled the Crimean peninsula. The Russian President Vladimir had claimed that Russian troops in Crimea aimed to ensure good conditions for the people of Crimea to be able to express their will freely. This control of the Crimean peninsula was essential to Russia for its strategic importance as the basis for the Russian Navy. It was based on the Black Sea fleet on the peninsula since its founding by Prince Potemkine in 178 3. The strategic position of the fleet helped Russia Georgia
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Where the Two Meet Criminology is where criminal justice and Sociology meet and come together. Sociology is a social science where the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society happen. Criminology is also a social science that studies crime and criminal behavior. Sociologists, by studying society and relationships, are able to determine the thoughts and actions of individuals or criminals. Each science can relate to other sciences and Criminology relates to Psychology, Sociology and more. Sociology and Criminology both contribute to society. Every day were faced with new and bigger issues and as Sociologists, it is up to them to understand why and figure out the issues at hand and how to deal with them.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another social issue that is a problem with in society today would be opinions. People are allowed to have a difference of opinion. We are all able to believe different and not think the same and still live in harmony. There needs to be an unders tanding and respect in difference of opinions. On the other hand, Criminology is about the crime and criminals in society. It involves law enforcement and the criminal justice system. Criminal justice and Criminology are related fields, but are not the same things. Criminal justice focuses more on upholding social control and Criminology is the study of the crimes and criminals. Whereas, both are just as important. Criminology, with the help of other social sciences, go deep within the criminal and the crime to get to the bottom of what they are thinking, what has made them do it, why they did it, what is next, and also how to stop it and how to prevent it from happening again. Criminology also deals with issues in the field. Some of these issues involving Criminology might be, capital punishment, what is illegal and what is not, sentencing, maintaining social order, is Criminology gender blind, who makes criminal law, does crime pay, if so what and to who and the list continues. A s you begin researching and asking yourself these questions, you become aware of all theShow MoreRelatedCriminology And Sociology : Criminology1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSummary of Criminology and Sociology: Criminology is concerned with examining the complex issues of crime and criminality to find its underlying causes. To do this criminology primarily aims to achieve answers as to why crime occurs; who is committing said crimes and how society as a whole will respond to crime with regards to policy changes and its place in the media (Australian Institute of Criminology: 2015). Sociology is the scientific study of human social interactions in a societal contextRead MoreConflict Theory : Conflict Criminology, And Sociology799 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConflict Criminology and Sociology Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher and revolutionary socialist. His works, such as the Communist Manifesto, laid the foundation for what is known as conflict theory. According to this theory, it is viewed that criminal behavior is the result of interpersonal and human conflict (Siegel, 2015). In the book, Using Conflict Theory, the authors, Otomar Wehr (2002), describe conflict as Ã¢â¬Å"any behavior that helps the party to achieve its goal that is incompatibleRead MoreDiscuss the Nature, Scope and Objectives of the Study of Criminology.1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDiscuss the nature, scope and objectives of the study of Criminology. Crime has always accompanied mankind. The oldest order available to us today, like provided in the cave paintings in France and the old books as the Bible show that this was not a stranger to us hundreds or even thousands of years ago. We can even with these materials to draw a conclusion that the development of civilization has contributed to its creation. The formation of increasingly larger clusters of human foster the developmentRead MoreThe Marxist Approach On Understanding And Explaining Crime744 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesunderstanding and explaining crimeÃ¢â¬â¢ Why did you choose this topic? I was first originally pressed to this topic not only because am I completing a bachelor of social science to major in criminology but I am also completing a major in sociology. So far in sociology we have learnt about Karl Marx and his contributions to sociology including the theories of dialectical materialism and alienation. Alongside Emilie Durkheim and Max Weber, Marx is perceived as one of the three creators of the social sciences.Read MoreFuture of Criminology1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe future of Criminology etc. Criminology is, as John Lea (1998) points out, not so much a discipline as a field, its distinctiveness is not its knowledge base but the form of its focus: theories of crime, criminal law and the relation between the two - in this it is a sub-category of the sociology of deviance. It can, and never should be, conceived of as a separate discipline, its categories and processes are social constructs, they have no separate ontological reality. It cannot, thereforeRead MoreThe Career Path For Criminology920 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescareer paths recommended in my Sigi3 results was Criminology. Reading the job description for criminology I was intrigued and wanted to learn more. I have always enjoyed the study of human nature and I am a strong proponent of justice. After much research, I believe that criminology is a career that I would enjoy because it allows me to fulfill my passion for uncovering the truth and sharing that information with others to affect change. Criminology is the scientific study of nature, extent, causeRead MoreClassicalism vs. Positivism1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescriminologists everyday. Criminology is an ever growing field, mainly because there is more and more research occurring and new theories linking people and crime coming out everyday. Below the main field of criminology there are many subfields that have different theories and philosophies on what they believe link criminal behavior. Two of the main criminology perspectives are Classical Criminology and Positivist Criminology. Although these two are both studied in the criminology field, their viewsRead MoreCrime and Forensic Psychology1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesversion of crime. The publicÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge may be particularly lacking with regard to the entire field of criminology, the differences between blue-collar and white-collar crime, and the general perception of the incidence of crime in the United States. You are asked, as the public relations representative of your police department, to provide an information session on the field of criminology.Ã The expectation is to make sure the public understands the facts of law enforcement and to differentiateRead MoreThe And Tenets Of Life Course Criminology1587 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesas one way to understand and explain this complex issue. Life-course criminology (often referred to as DLC) emerged from this perspective as a way to help explain age in relation to crime. The purpose of this proposal is to highlight the key areas of life-course criminology and outline how they reveal the value of the theory for research purposes. These key areas of interest are the genesis and tenets of life-course criminology, its key contributors and critics, and how both of these parties haveRead MoreCrime And Social Control Theory Essay1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrecreational usage) and where it is still illegal (Sociology Live!, 2015). The video mentions th at an individual from Colorado, who is suffering from cancer, is able to purchase and use marijuana without being seen or labeled as deviant or criminal (Sociology Live!, 2015); conversely, if the same individual lived in Iowa and still used marijuana as a treatment for their cancer, society and/or authorities would label the individual as deviant or a criminal (Sociology Live!, 2015). Schrag (1971) states that Ã¢â¬Å"a
Identify the parts and functions of human respiratory system. 2. Trace the path of air from the nose to the lungs. Ã Diagram of the Respiratory System. 2. InformationÃ¢â¬â¢s about the Respiratory System. 3. Manila Paper, Pentel pen References: Department of Education, Culture and Sports. Instructional materials Development center. (1990). Science and technology II. ( 1st ed). ) ( Secondary Education Development Program Series). Checking of attendance a. 3 Checking of the room cleanliness Motivation Ã¢â¬ ¢ Pinch your nose for a while, how does it feel? Can you stay longer without air? Why? b. Lesson Proper 1. Post the Diagram on the board. 2. Put the necessary parts and functions on the diagram on the board. c. Discussion d. The nostrils:Ã Nostrils are involved in air intake, they bring air into the nose, where air is warmed and humidified. The tiny hairs called cilia filters out dust and other particles present in the air and protects the nasal passage and other regions of the respiratory tract. We will write a custom essay sample on Lesson Plan Respiratory System or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page . Trachea:Ã The trachea is also known as windpipe. The trachea filters the air we inhale and branches into the bronchi. f. Bronchi:Ã The bronchi are the two air tubes that branch off of from the trachea and carry atmospheric air directly into the lungs. g. Lungs:Ã The main organ of the respiratory system is lungs. Lungs are the site in body where oxygen is taken into and carbon dioxide is expelled out. The red blood cells present in the blood picks up the oxygen in the lungs and carry and distribute the oxygen to all body cells that need it. The red blood cells donate the oxygen to the cells and picks up the carbon dioxide produced by the cells. h. Alveolus:Ã Alveolus is the tiny sac like structure present in the lungs which the gaseous exchange takes place. i. Diaphragm:Ã Breathing begins with a dome-shaped muscle located at the bottom of the lungs which is known as diaphragm. When we breathe in the diaphragm contracts and flatten out and pull downward. Due to this movement the space in the lungs increases and pulls air into the lungs. When we breathe out, the diaphragm expands and reduces the amount of space for the lungs and forces air out. j. Generalization Ã¢â¬ ¢ The respiratory system functions in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between organisms and their environment. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The nose, pharynx, larynx trachea, bronchi and lungs are the organs consisting the human respiratory system. k. Valuing Cleanliness of air is needed. l. Assessment Quiz: refer to the diagram, identify and label the parts of the respiratory system.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Thomas Jefferson THOMAS JEFFERSON 1801-1809 Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in Albemarle County, Virginia. Jefferson was known as the author of the Declaration of Independence and the third president of the United States. Jefferson was also a diplomat, an architect, a musician, a scientist and an inventor; Jefferson was an advocate for the public school system. Education was very important to him. Jefferson founded the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. He designed it, planned it, and hired the professors; he also came up with the first study courses. Jefferson lived 83 years and was very young spirited. He was always learning something new and was never afraid to try and try again. Thomas Jefferson did many things very well, and there was only one person that came close to matching him, that person was Benjamin Franklin. They were both very fascinating people. Jefferson's father was Colonel Peter Jefferson, he was a well-known explorer and owned large amounts of land, therefore Thomas had the best of everything. His mother was from a well-known family in Virginia, her name was Jane Randolph, and she was wealthy also. Thomas Jefferson was educated privately in his early days and went on to study Latin, Greek, Italian and Spanish. His favorite subjects were math and science. Thomas studied law for five years under a well-known law teacher by the name of George Wythe. At the age of 24 he was admitted to the bar in the year 1767. He practiced law until the American Revolution closed all the courts. He earned most of his income by all the farms he owned. He married Martha Wayles Skelton in the year 1772 that increased his land ownership immensely. They had six children, one son and five daughters. Only two children lived to adults, Martha and Mary Thomas Jefferson designed and built a house on a mountain, which he called his Monticello home. Jefferson loved his home and was very proud of it. He left his home when his wife died, her death left him very sad and lonely. In the year 1783 Thomas Jefferson was accepted to the Continental Congress. This started his political career. Thomas Jefferson was very active in writing laws and resolutions; he was a very straightforward man. Some people viewed him as being to extreme. Jefferson was chosen to represent Albemarle County at the first Virginia Convention. He became ill and was not able to attend, but he sent his messages that British Parliament had no control over the colonies. Jefferson was the primary person to write the Declaration of Independence. Congress felt it was too harsh, and had Dickenson take the responsibility of rewriting it. He used allot of Jefferson's original ideas. Jefferson was a Republican and in 1779 became governor of Virginia. In 1786 Jefferson wrote a bill establishing religious freedom. Two parties started to emerge. The Democrats and the Republicans. Jefferson assumed the leadership of the Republicans. Jefferson opposed a strong centralized Government and wanted the states to have their rights. We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. These words are arguably the backbone of our countries right to freedom. Jefferson is considered one of the greatest pioneers of America. One of the issues that troubled Jefferson throughout his lifetime was slavery and his ownership of more than two hundred slaves The question that puzzles most Americans is how could the man that wrote ?ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL? Could own slaves? The question has been asked over and over throughout the history of our Great Nation. This is the thing that contemporary Americans find most interesting about Thomas Jefferson. Although slavery was the normal thing in Jefferson's lifetime, this cannot be used a to justify his ownership of slaves. Jefferson was A very kind master to his slaves. Jefferson spoke out against the institution of slavery, slave trading, and for the right of black people to be free. People of today's society would think of Jefferson as being a hypocrite for owning slaves, and at the same time denouncing slavery. We must put ourselves in his time and
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Lloyd Augustus Hall - Chemist and Inventor An industrial food chemist, Lloyd Augustus Hall revolutionized the meatpacking industry with his development of curing salts for the processing and reserving of meats. He developed a technique of flash-driving (evaporating) and a technique of sterilization with ethylene oxide which is still used by medical professionals today. Earlier Years Lloyd Augustus Hall was born in Elgin, Illinois, on June 20, 1894.Ã Halls grandmother came to Illinois via the Underground RailroadÃ when she was 16. Halls grandfather came to Chicago in 1837 and was one of the founders of the Quinn ChapelÃ A.M.E. Church. In 1841, he was the churchs first pastor. HallÃ¢â¬â¢s parents, Augustus and Isabel, both graduated high school. Lloyd was born in Elgin but his family moved toÃ Aurora, IllinoisÃ¢â¬â¹, which is where he was raised. He graduated in 1912 from East Side High School in Aurora. After graduation, he studiedÃ pharmaceutical chemistryÃ atÃ Northwestern University,Ã earning a bachelor of science degree, followed by aÃ mastersÃ degree from theÃ University of Chicago. At Northwestern, Hall met Carroll L. Griffith, who with his father, Enoch L. Griffith, foundedÃ Griffith LaboratoriesÃ¢â¬â¹. The Griffiths later hired Hall as their chief chemist. After finishing college, Hall was hired by theÃ Western Electric CompanyÃ after a phone interview. But the company refused to hire Hall when they learned he was black. Hall then began working as a chemist for the Department of Health inÃ ChicagoÃ followed by a job as chief chemist with the John Morrell Company. DuringÃ World War I, Hall served with theÃ United States Ordnance DepartmentÃ where he was promoted to Chief Inspector of Powder and Explosives. Following the war, Hall married Myrrhene Newsome and they moved to Chicago where he worked for the Boyer Chemical Laboratory, again as a chief chemist. Hall then became president and chemical director for Chemical Products Corporations consulting laboratory. In 1925, Hall took a position with Griffith Laboratories where he remained for 34 years. Inventions Hall invented new ways to preserve food. In 1925, at Griffith Laboratories, Hall invented his processes for preserving meat using sodium chloride and nitrate and nitrite crystals. Ã This process was known as flash-drying. Hall also pioneered the use of antioxidants. Fats and oils spoil when exposed to oxygen in the air. Hall used lecithin, propyl gallate, and ascorbyl Ã¢â¬â¹palmite as antioxidants, and invented a process to prepare the antioxidants for food preservation. He invented a process to sterilized spices using Ã¢â¬â¹ethylenoxide gas, an insecticide. Today, the use of preservatives has been reexamined. Preservatives have been linked to many health issues. Retirement After retiring from Griffith Laboratories in 1959, Hall consulted for theÃ Food and Agriculture OrganizationÃ of theÃ United Nations. From 1962 to 1964, he was on the AmericanÃ Food for PeaceÃ Council. He died in 1971 inÃ Pasadena,Ã California. He was awarded several honors during his lifetime, includingÃ honorary degreesÃ fromÃ Virginia State University,Ã Howard UniversityÃ¢â¬â¹Ã and theÃ Tuskegee Institute,Ã and in 2004 he was inducted into theÃ National Inventors Hall of FameÃ¢â¬â¹.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Occupational Stress suffered by Anesthesiologists - Essay Example In which case, physical and emotional stress are natural and cannot be avoided (Alves, 2005). This situation is called occupational stress. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services (1999), occupational stress refers to the unsafe physical and emotional responses that surface when the abilities, resources or needs of a worker do not match the latterÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities. In other words, this is felt when the demands on a worker become too much for such workerÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to fulfill those demands (Lazarus, 1991). In a survey conducted by the US Department of Health and Human Services (1999), 40% of the American workers see their jobs as enormously stressful which made the healthcare expenditures of US increased to as much as 50% (Sauter & Hurrell, 1999). According to the study of Dickson (1996), the main sources of occupational stress for anesthesiologists were overload in work, professional relationship and lack of control. The study of Nyssen (2003), on the same note, identified the lack of control over work, risks and time factors, the lack of supervision, and communication within the organization, particularly with the surgeons, as the major sources of stress for anesthesiologists (Nyssen et al, 2003). The studies conformed with the study of Kinzl (2007) that lack of control, especially for female anesthesiologists, is really a major contributor of stress. A different set of factors have been elicited during the ASA Annual Meeting in Orlando Florida in October 1998 wherein the attendees of the ASA Resident Component House of Delegates responded to an anonymous questionnaire about stress factors. However, it has to be noted that the respondents are anesthesiologists undergoing the residency programs. The answers identified were t he insufficient support given by the residency program, lack of contentment with the teaching given during the residency program, the lack of time for reading and the small chance to recreate